This dragon is native to the semi-arid woodland, and woodland, and rocky desert regions of Central Australia. They are skilled climbers, and often spend just as much time perching on tree limbs, fence posts, and in bushes as they do on the ground. They spend the morning and early evening sunning themselves on an exposed branch or rock, and retreat to shady areas or underground burrows during the hottest parts of the afternoon.
Bearded Dragons do not vocalize, except to hiss softly when threatened. Instead, they communicate through colour displays, posture, and physical gestures like arm waving and head bobbing. Bearded dragons are not social animals, but will sometimes gather in groups, especially in popular feeding or basking areas. At these times, a distinct hierarchy will emerge: the highest-ranking animals will take the best - usually the highest or sunniest - basking spots, and all other individuals arrange themselves lower down. If a low-ranking animal tries to challenge one of the dominant dragons, the dominant animal will demonstrate its superiority by bobbing its head and inflating its beard, at which point the challenger may signal submission by waving one of its forearms in a slow circle. If the low-ranking dragon does not submit, it will return the head-bob, and a stand-off or fight may ensue.
There are several different kinds of head bob gesture. These are:
- Slow bowing motion - often used by adult females to signal submission to a male.
- Fast bob - used by males to signal dominance (often accompanied by an inflated and/or blackened beard).
- Violent bob - used by males just before mating. This bob is much more vigorous, and usually sets the animal's whole body in motion.
Gravid females will often refuse the advances of a male by chasing him and lying on his back.
There are also arm waving gestures that can be displayed by both male and the female-The male will only arm wave to show submission to a dominant male , where as the female will arm wave to show that she is ready to mate followed by a slow head bob.